Indian peoples made some 400 treaties with the United States between the American Revolution and 1871, when Congress prohibited them. They signed nine treaties with the Confederacy, as well as countless others over the centuries with Spain, France, Britain, Mexico, the Republic of Texas, Canada, and even Russia, not to mention individual colonies and states. In retrospect, the treaties seem like well-ordered steps on the path of dispossession and empire. The reality was far more complicated. In Pen and Ink Witchcraft, eminent Native American historian Colin G. Calloway narrates the history of diplomacy between North American Indians and their imperial adversaries, particularly the United States. Treaties were cultural encounters and human dramas, each with its cast of characters and conflicting agendas. Many treaties, he notes, involved not land, but trade, friendship, and the resolution of disputes. Far from all being one-sided, they were negotiated on the Indians´ cultural and geographical terrain. When the Mohawks welcomed Dutch traders in the early 1600s, they sealed a treaty of friendship with a wampum belt with parallel rows of purple beads, representing the parties traveling side-by-side, as equals, on the same river. But the American republic increasingly turned treaty-making into a tool of encroachment on Indian territory. Calloway traces this process by focusing on the treaties of Fort Stanwix (1768), New Echota (1835), and Medicine Lodge (1867), in addition to such events as the Peace of Montreal in 1701 and the treaties of Fort Laramie (1851 and 1868). His analysis demonstrates that native leaders were hardly dupes. The records of negotiations, he writes, show that ´´Indians frequently matched their colonizing counterparts in diplomatic savvy and tried, literally, to hold their ground.´´ Each treaty has its own story, Calloway writes, but together they tell a rich and complicated tale of moments in American history when civilizat... ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Stephen McLaughlin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/015504de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Learn historic facts and figures about freedom lost and how we can get our freedom back. Recall information, gun rights, and historic facts. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Christopher Hudspeth. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/044075de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Published in 2000 to critical acclaim, The American West: A New Interpretive History quickly became the standard in college history courses. Now Robert V. Hine and John Mack Faragher offer a concise edition of their classic, freshly updated. Lauded for their lively and elegant writing, the authors provide a grand survey of the colorful history of the American West, from the first contacts between Native Americans and Europeans to the beginning of the 21st century. Frontiers introduces the diverse peoples and cultures of the American West and explores how men and women of different ethnic groups were affected when they met, mingled, and often clashed. Hine and Faragher present the complexities of the American West - as frontier and region, real and imagined, old and new. Showcasing the distinctive voices and experiences of frontier characters, they explore topics ranging from early exploration to modern environmentalism, drawing expansively from a wide range of sources. This book will be treasured by every listener with an interest in the unique saga of the American West. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Jeff Riggenbach. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/001755de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
This synthesis of Indian-white relations west of the Appalachians from the end of the French and Indian War to the beginning of the Mexican War is not simply a story of whites versus Indians. The term ´´whites´´ encompassed British, Spanish, and American settlers and governments, and the hundreds of Indian tribes who opposed them were no more unified than their European colonizers. The author focuses on relations among the British, the Spanish, the Americans, and Indian tribes in territories claimed by more than one of these groups, with particular emphasis on Indian tribes´ pursuit of trade, peace, and guarantees of their land. Self-interest motivated all the players in these complex interactions, and when irreconcilable differences inevitably resulted these were settled by force. The broad chronological and geographical scope of this volume encompasses British efforts to enforce new settlement policies after their defeat of the French, the Spanish system of missions and presidios, trade in the Columbia River basin of the Pacific Northwest, the Indian Removal Act and the Trail of Tears, and the establishment of a strong military presence to defend the trade routes of the Great Plains. The author´s clear explanations of complex negotiations over trade, land, and policy among countless conflicting groups during a period of transition will be invaluable for students and for the interested general listener. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Fred Filbrich. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/035655de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Thirty years after its publication, The Death and Life of Great American Cities was described by The New York Times as ´´perhaps the most influential single work in the history of town planning....[It] can also be seen in a much larger context. It is first of all a work of literature; the descriptions of street life as a kind of ballet and the bitingly satiric account of traditional planning theory can still be read for pleasure even by those who long ago absorbed and appropriated the book´s arguments.´´ Jane Jacobs, an editor and writer on architecture in New York City in the early 60s, argued that urban diversity and vitality were being destroyed by powerful architects and city planners. Rigorous, sane, and delightfully epigrammatic, Jacobs´s small masterpiece is a blueprint for the humanistic management of cities. It is sensible, knowledgeable, readable, indispensable. The author has written a new foreword for this Modern Library edition. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Donna Rawlins. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/rand/002756de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Chinese speakers may enjoy this audio lecture series, which provides, in Mandarin Chinese, an overview of U.S. history, economy, politics, and society with the goal of helping listeners improve their understanding of America and Americans. The series is also aimed at people who are learning to speak Chinese, who will gain vocabulary to discuss American society and culture with native speakers. In this course, Dr. Sasha Gong, a Peking University and Harvard-educated scholar, gives a historical account of American entrepreneurship in the 20th century.Please note: This lecture is in Mandarin Chinese. Language: English. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/gong/000004de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
On the 75th anniversary of the bombing of Pearl Harbor comes a harrowing and enlightening look at the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II, from National Book Award finalist Albert Marrin. Just 75 years ago, the American government did something that most would consider unthinkable today: It rounded up over 100,000 of its own citizens based on nothing more than their ancestry and, suspicious of their loyalty, kept them in concentration camps for the better part of four years. How could this have happened? Uprooted takes a close look at the history of racism in America and carefully follows the treacherous path that led one of our nation´s most beloved presidents to make this decision. Meanwhile, it also illuminates the history of Japan and its own struggles with racism and xenophobia, which led to the bombing of Pearl Harbor, ultimately tying the two countries together. Today America is still filled with racial tension, and personal liberty in wartime is as relevant a topic as ever. Moving and impactful, National Book Award finalist Albert Marrin´s sobering exploration of this monumental injustice shines as bright a light on current events as it does on the past. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Marc Cashman. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/lili/002161de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
In the mid-1990s, residents of Anniston, Alabama, began a legal fight against the agrochemical company Monsanto over the dumping of PCBs in the city´s historically African American and white working-class west side. Simultaneously, Anniston environmentalists sought to safely eliminate chemical weaponry that had been secretly stockpiled near the city during the Cold War. In this probing work, Ellen Griffith Spears offers a compelling narrative of Anniston´s battles for environmental justice, exposing how systemic racial and class inequalities reinforced during the Jim Crow era played out in these intense contemporary social movements. Spears focuses attention on key figures who shaped Anniston - from Monsanto´s founders to white and African American activists to the ordinary Anniston residents whose lives and health were deeply affected by the town´s military-industrial history and the legacy of racism. Situating the personal struggles and triumphs of Anniston residents within a larger national story of regulatory regimes and legal strategies that have affected toxic towns across America, Spears unflinchingly explores the causes and implications of environmental inequalities, showing how civil rights movement activism undergirded Anniston´s campaigns for redemption and justice. PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying reference material will be available in your My Library section along with the audio. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Bernadette Dunne. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/blak/006485de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Mass Motorization and Mass Transit examines how the United States became the world´s most thoroughly motorized nation and why mass transit has been more displaced in the United States than in any other advanced industrial nation. The book´s historical and international perspective provides a uniquely effective framework for understanding both the intensity of US motorization and the difficulties the country will face in moderating its demands on the world´s oil supply and reducing the CO2 emissions generated by motor vehicles. No other book offers as comprehensive a history of mass transit, mass motorization, highway development, and suburbanization or provides as penetrating an analysis of the historical differences between motorization in the United States and that of other advanced industrial nations. The book is published by Indiana University Press. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Emil Nicholas Gallina. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acx0/048558de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Between 1846 and 1873, California´s Indian population plunged from perhaps 150,000 to 30,000. Benjamin Madley is the first historian to uncover the full extent of the slaughter, the involvement of state and federal officials, the taxpayer dollars that supported the violence, indigenous resistance, who did the killing, and why the killings ended. This deeply researched book is a comprehensive and chilling history of an American genocide. Madley describes precontact California and precursors to the genocide before explaining how the Gold Rush stirred vigilante violence against California Indians. He narrates the rise of a state-sanctioned killing machine and the broad societal, judicial, and political support for genocide. Many participated: vigilantes, volunteer state militiamen, US Army soldiers, US congressmen, California governors, and others. The state and federal governments spent at least $1.7 million on campaigns against California Indians. Besides evaluating government officials´ culpability, Madley considers why the slaughter constituted genocide and how other possible genocides within and beyond the Americas might be investigated using the methods presented in this groundbreaking book. Cover image courtesy of the Braun Research Library Collection, Autry Museum, Los Angeles: 482 ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Fajer Al-Kaisi. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/027232de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
´´What William Cecil has accomplished at Biltmore Estate is one of the great preservation success stories of all time. He has set a high standard for what all historic house museums strive for: magnificently preserved buildings and grounds, engaging interpretation, and - perhaps most challenging of all - economic self-sufficiency. It is no surprise that Biltmore Estate is widely recognized as one of America´s finest places to visit.´´ (Richard Moe, President of the National Trust for Historic Preservation) ´´Biltmore is a glorious national historic landmark that, through creative vision and entrepreneurial management, preserves and provides insight into a way of life in the early 1900s. Bill is the imaginative and multifaceted leader who has built this great monument to enrich his community. George and I admire his dedication and success.´´ (George and Abby Rockefeller O´Neill) ´´Bill Cecil and his team at Biltmore Estate have sure proved that they know how to build a successful business. They did it the old-fashioned way: embrace a bold idea that others said could not be done and - through commitment, determination, and hard work - bring it to life. Their achievement against the odds is inspiring, and their vision and perseverance are valuable lessons to us all.´´ (Don Logan, Chairman, Media & Communications Group, Time Warner) ´´If George Vanderbilt did nothing more than engage the two most prominent and storied designers of their time, architect Richard Morris Hunt and landscape architect Frederick Law Olmsted, to carry out his vision of a European estate in the southern Appalachians, he would have created an American icon. The beauty of the method by which the estate was executed and, even today, the meticulous attention to detail, in the presentation and care of the estate by William Cecil, have brought history to life.´´ (Gary J. Walters, Chief Usher, The White House)PLEASE NOTE: When you purchase this title, the accompanying r... ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Mirron Willis. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/adbl/005671de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.
Author Margaret Coit´s Pulitzer Prize winning biography of John C. Calhoun is a towering accomplishment in the writing of American history, powerful in the fullest sense of the word. This is no bland recital of dates and events. It is a searing, blinding, cascading roller coaster of emotional, spiritual, intellectual, and above all, human, history. The listener lives through hot, sleepy days on the South Carolina frontier of Calhoun´s youth; goes with him to Yale in 1802 where the scent of the sea wafted in through his rooms; to the stern, New England town of Litchfield, Connecticut and its law school to study under Federalist mentors, and where students were expected to wear buckled breeches and ruffled stocks. Muddy, primitive Washington, D.C. comes to life in the terrible years when our national tragedy of disunion was unfolding, with Jackson, Benton, Randolph, Webster, Clay, and Calhoun each struggling in his own way to avert catastrophe. When you have known the great South Carolinian at all the stages of his life; when you have lived through the events which determined his views; and when you have followed the path of his relentless logic - then you will finally understand our Civil War as few of us have ever been able to understand it before. In Miss Coit´s brilliant story of Calhoun´s personal life we discover a man of human frailties and human magnificence, much different from the image in those brooding photographs. And for the first time we understand how John C. Calhoun held the passionate loyalty of his people. ungekürzt. Language: English. Narrator: Charlton Griffin. Audio sample: http://samples.audible.de/bk/acon/000186de/bk_rhde_002536_sample.mp3. Digital audiobook in aax.